|Net Worth:||$10 Million|
|Date of Birth:||May 15, 1937 – Mar 23, 2022 (84 years old)|
|Height:||4 ft 9 in (1.47 m)|
|Profession:||Politician, Diplomat, Professor|
|Nationality:||United States of America|
Early Life & Education of Madeleine Albright :
She was the daughter of Czech diplomat Josef Korbel and his wife Anna Korbel and was born on May 15, 1937, in Prague, Czechoslovakia. On March 23, 2022, she passed away. Two of her siblings are Katherine and John. Her parents converted from Judaism to Catholicism in 1941 and reared their children as Roman Catholics.
The family moved to Britain because of her father’s job, and they lived in London during World War II, experiencing some of the worst of the Blitz. The family moved to the United States from the United Kingdom in 1948. Albright’s father landed a job as a political science professor at the University of Denver, eventually ascending to the position of dean of international relations.
Madeline graduated from Wellesley College in 1959 and completed her Ph.D. at Columbia University in 1975, with a thesis on the Prague Spring. She worked as an assistant to Senator Edmund Muskie and then on Zbigniew Brezinski’s National Security Council. She served in that capacity until 1981 when President Jimmy Carter resigned. Albright joined the Georgetown University faculty after leaving the National Security Council and advised Democratic presidential candidates on international policy.
Albright began active in fundraising for U.S. Senator Ed Muskie of Maine’s presidential campaign in 1972 while moving back and forth from Washington, D.C. to New York. In 1976, she was appointed as his chief legislative aide. When a former professor was chosen as the Carter Administration’s National Security Advisor, she was recruited to work as the National Security Council’s legislative liaison in the West Wing.
Albright obtained a post at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars at the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C., after Carter lost the 1980 election, where she began working on a research project regarding Poland’s solidarity movement. In 1982, she joined the faculty at Georgetown University, where she taught Eastern European studies and supervised the school’s women in global politics program. During this period, she maintained her political ties, and in 1992, she was hired by the National Security Council to help with the transition to a new government after President Bill Clinton’s victory. She was nominated to be the United States Ambassador to the United Nations in January 1993.
Albright’s stint as Ambassador was marked by a tense relationship with then-United Nations Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali, as well as the mishandling of the Rwandan Genocide, which Albright has since regarded as one of her darkest regrets. Albright was a key figure in the coup of Boutros-Ghali and the installation of Kofi Annan as UN Secretary-General in 1996.
Albright was appointed as the 64th Secretary of State of the United States in 1997, making her the first female Secretary of State and the highest-ranking woman in the history of the United States government at the time. She played an important role in shaping American foreign policy in Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Middle East. She also represented the United States at the handover of Hong Kong’s sovereignty. She also influenced US policy against Iraq, including the imposition of sanctions until the country agreed to remove its weapons of mass destruction. On January 20, 2001, her term as Secretary of State came to an end.
She subsequently went on to form the Albright Group, a global consulting business. She was appointed to the New York Stock Exchange’s Board of Directors in 2005. She has continued to serve on different boards and institutions involved in politics and leadership.
Personal life and Death:
In 1959, Albright married Joseph Albright. Before divorcing in 1982, the couple had three kids. She was reared as a Roman Catholic, but after marrying in 1959, she switched to the Episcopal Church. Her parents converted from Judaism to Catholicism in 1941, while still living in Czechoslovakia, to avoid anti-Semitic persecution before immigrating to the United States. They never told her about their Jewish ancestors after that.
Albright described her Jewish background as a “big surprise” when The Washington Post reported on it shortly after she became Secretary of State in 1997. Albright stated she didn’t find out her parents were born and reared in Jewish homes until she was 59 years old. In Czechoslovakia, up to a dozen of her family were killed in the Holocaust, including three of her grandparents.
Albright spoke French, German, Polish, and Serbo-Croatian in addition to English, Russian, and Czech. She could also communicate in Slovak.
Albright has addressed her health and training routine in a number of interviews. She claimed in 2006 that she could leg press 400 pounds (180 kg). Albright was named one of The Guardian’s fifty best-dressed over the 50s in March 2013.
Albright died of cancer on March 23, 2022, in Washington, D.C., at the age of 84.
Former US presidents Jimmy Carter, Bill Clinton, George W. Bush, Barack Obama, and Joe Biden, as well as former British Prime Minister Tony Blair, paid homage to her.
Honors and Achievements
Albright received honorary degrees from Brandeis University in 1996, the University of Washington in 2002, Smith College in 2003, Washington University in St. Louis in 2003, the University of Winnipeg in 2005, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in 2007, Knox College in 2008, Dickinson College in 2014, and Tufts University in 2015.
Albright was elected to the National Women’s Hall of Fame in 1998. Albright received the Hanno R. Ellenbogen Citizenship Award for the second time from the Prague Society for International Cooperation. In a ceremony in Prague in 2000, Albright received the Honorary Silver Medal of Jan Masaryk from the Bohemian Foundation and the Czech Ministry of Foreign Affairs. In 2010, she was inducted into the Colorado Women’s Hall of Fame.
Albright has been selected to compete in the Summer Olympics in 2021, which will be hosted for the first time. Forbes 50 Over 50 is a list of over 50-year-old entrepreneurs, leaders, scientists, and innovators.